The case concerned a child born in 2007 in Spain to married parents. The child had lived in Spain with its Moroccan mother and Italian father since birth and until 2010. In February 2010, the mother took the child to Morocco to introduce it to her family, then, in August 2010, she moved to France without the father’s consent.
On 11 May 2012, the French Public Prosecutor’s Office brought action against the mother for a return of the child to Spain. On 21 June 2012, a court at first instance found that the removal had been wrongful and ordered the child’s return to Spain. The mother appealed against that decision.