The children, a boy and a girl were nearly 4 and 2 1/2 at the date of the alleged wrongful removal. They lived in the United States until May 1991.
The family then moved to France, and in so doing, the father breached a probation order. The parents were married and had joint rights of custody.
In August 1993 the mother returned with the children to the United States. In December 1993 the father filed for the return of the children. On 15 June 1994 the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee ordered the return of the children.
The mother appealed.