Retention wrongful but return refused; the standard required under Article 13(1)(a) had been proved to show that the father had consented to the children living in Finland.
Return ordered; appeal on Convention issues dismissed and appeal on costs order allowed.
The child, a girl, was 4 at the time of the alleged wrongful removal from the USA. The parents were not married and met online when the mother was still […]
Rights of Custody – Art. 3 The question whether the mother actually exercised custody at the time of the removal of the children concerns Article 3(1)(b) and thus the illegality […]