The case is about a girl who lived in Spain. Her parents were separated, and on 10 April 2014 they entered into an agreement on the days the child would be with each of them, authorising the father to travel with the child once a year to Ecuador for no longer than a month.
On 11 August 2014, the father travelled to Ecuador with the child. They were due to return on 11 September 2014, but he decided not to return on the scheduled date.
On 17 September 2014, the mother requested the return of her daughter before the Spanish Central Authority. The request was sent to the Ecuadorian Central Authority, which received it on 28 February 2015 and forwarded it to Court.
On 15 December 2015, the Court of the Family and Children of El Oro (Ecuador) ordered the return of the girl to Spain, affirming that the retention had been wrongful. The father appealed.