The child, a girl, was 1 1/3 at the date of the alleged wrongful retention. She had lived in Italy all of her life. The parents were married and had joint rights of custody. On 6 June 1996 the mother took the child to the United States to visit her relatives. She did not return.
On 3 July 1996 the father applied for the return order of the child.
On 11 December 1996 the trial court magistrate ordered that the child be promptly returned to the father in Italy.
The mother appealed.