The child, a girl, was 5 at the date of the alleged wrongful removal. She had lived in both England and the United States. Her parents were married and had joint rights of custody. On 4/5 October 1997 the mother went to England, her State of origin, with the child.
On 11 February 1998 the father came to England. On 27 February he issued an application for contact. Interim orders for contact were made on 20 March and 9 July.
On 18 July the father visited the United States embassy in London. While there he was informed of the Hague Convention. In late August / early September 1998 the father issued proceedings for the return of his daughter. In December 1998 the father returned to the United States.