The proceedings concerned a Maltese child born in September 2000. With the exception of two periods of separation, the parents, both Maltese, cohabited from 1999 until April 2013.
On 12 June 2013, the mother brought the child to England, without the knowledge or consent of the father. Mother and child moved in with the maternal grandfather, also a Maltese national.
The father petitioned for the return of the child.
On 5th November 2013, the Family Division of the High Court ordered the return of the child.
On 12 December 2013, the mother was given permission to appeal.