The case concerned two girls, born in 1998 and 2000, among four siblings. Their two elder brothers were of full age. The family lived in Belgium. In 2010, the parents divorced; parental authority was then exercised jointly but the daughters’ residence was set at their father’s home in Belgium.
In June 2011, the father moved to France with his daughters. On 20 March 2012, a ruling at first instance ordered the children’s return to Belgium. The father appealed against that ruling.