The child was 8 1/2 months old at the date of the alleged wrongful removal. The parents were married and the family lived in Mexico. During July 1992 the mother unilaterally moved with the child to France. The father petitioned for the return of the child.
The court of first instance, and then on 15 July 1993 the Cour d’appel of Lyon, ordered the return of the child to Mexico. The mother petitioned the Cour de cassation in order to challenge the legality of the latter decision.