A law enforcement guide on International Parental Kidnapping

International parental kidnapping, whether as a result of a parent or other person taking or wrongfully retaining a child with the intent to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights, merits the full and timely attention of law enforcement. The child (or children) should be considered to be in danger, especially when the person taking […]

Checklist for Public-Safety Telecommunicators When Responding to Calls Pertaining to Missing, Abducted, and Sexually Exploited Children

Reports of missing, abducted, and/or sexually exploited children may be among the most difficult, challenging, and emotionally charged cases public-safety tele-communicators and law-enforcement agencies will ever experience. The attitude and approach taken when responding to these incidents may determine whether the child is recovered promptly and safely or remains missing and/or in an exploitive environment. […]

Native American Children Reported Missing to NCMEC

The information provided in this report does not reflect all cases of missing or abducted Native American children, only those reported to NCMEC between 1/1/2009 and 12/31/2018. Children were determined for inclusion in this analysis based on demographic information provided by an official source, including the child’s parent(s), the child’s legal guardian, social services or […]

2019 AMBER Alert Report

This report presents information about AMBER Alerts issued in the 50 states, the District of Columbia,Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands from Jan. 1, 2019, through Dec. 31, 2019, and intaked by NCMEC. Although an AMBER Alert case may be activated in multiple areas, this report organizes alerts based on the state/territory of first […]


This is an analysis of data regarding children with an autism spectrum disorder who were reported missing to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC). The research methodology involved querying the database for children who were reported to have autism or Asperger syndrome as a medical condition, a mental health condition, or a […]

Family Abductions: What We’ve Learned

A family abduction is defined as the taking, retention or concealment of a child, younger than 18 years of age, by a parent, other person with a family relationship to the child, or his or her agent, in violation of the custody rights, including visitation rights of a parent or legal guardian. Between 2008 and […]

Analysis of Infant Abduction Trends

The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® is a resource for law enforcement and the health care industry about the topic of infant abductions1. As the nation’s clearinghouse about missing and sexually exploited children, NCMEC maintains statistics regarding the number and location of infant abductions and provides technical assistance and training to health care […]

An Analysis of Missing Male Victims of Child Sex Trafficking (CST)

There are many unknowns in child sex trafficking (CST), notably the exact number of child victims whoexist in the United States. Male1 victims of child sex trafficking have been, and remain, a bigger unknown. There is a commonly perpetuated belief that victims of child sex trafficking are almost exclusively female. Though males may comprise a […]